Sunday, February 23, 2020
Motivation - Essay Example 1-2). Change is a process which plays an important role in our lives. Change is a process that triggers immediate reaction. Managerial decision making is crucial while planning for change as change can either reinforce trust or might destroy the same (Rudolf, 2009, p. 40). The fact that change is not all positive should not deter individuals from embracing change. Change is all pervasive and people seeking change as well as those opposing it must realize that change has its own drawbacks and deficiencies. People who do not seek change and oppose are known as opponents of change and Ã¢â¬ËresistanceÃ¢â¬â¢ is the action adopted by these individuals when they sense that change can be a threat to them. Although resistance is a common thing in the workplace it can also be found in other places. Change and resistance go hand in hand. This is so because people have a tendency to resist change as they feel threatened when they sense change coming. This report will discuss the causes of re sistance to change which can be due to individual resistance, group resistance and organisational resistance. The organisations around the globe are experiencing a rapid change in there structure. The influence on managerial decision for the organisational change is a major concern and can affect the organisation in a great way. It is important to analyse the after effects of this decision taken by the leaders of the organisation. Moreover it has become difficult for the staff members to sustain in the changing organisational environment which leads to employee turnover and job dissatisfaction (Bianco et al., 2007, p. 188). The influences on managerial decision in context to the organisation change are directly related to the resistance of individuals and groups to the organisation change. This can further be elaborated as: I. Individual and group resistance There are various reasons behind the resistance of people towards the organisation change. In some cases it is an individual w ho resists the change while in most of the cases group resistance is common. The main causes related to the individual resistance could be the outcome of the change which is uncertain makes the individual insecure and causes the resistance towards organisation change. Another reason why individual resist change is due to their tendency to perceive selective information which is linked to their existing outlook about the organisation. This makes them vary of the changes as they tend to focus on the outcome which has an impact on them while rest of the benefits are neglected. Another fact is the habit of the individuals or the preferences of individuals for similar proceedings and activities which also acts as an obstruction to change (Jennifer, 2009, p. 602). Group resistance is another form of opposing the change and occurs when the alteration in the relationship and task caused by the change makes it difficult for the group to adapt to the change. The change disturbs the norms made by the groups. Secondly it has been found that attractiveness between members of a group affects the performance. To overcome this changes are required in the structure of the organisati
Friday, February 7, 2020
Nelson Mandela - An International Leader - Coursework Example His involvement in the African National Congress (ANC) and the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s activities to end apartheid led to his imprisonment in 1964 when he received a life sentence. His dream was to end apartheid and after many obstacles including 27 years in prison his goal was finally achieved in 1994 when he became the first democratically elected black president of South Africa. Nelson Mandela Dream and the Fight to End Apartheid Nelson MandelaÃ¢â¬â¢s dream was a united South Africa where everyone had the same rights. This dream started with his membership and in the ANC where he was soon elected to the executive committee of the Youth League. His struggle to end apartheid landed him in prison where he won the respect of fellow inmates. While there he continued to work towards his dream. In fact, he indicated that the struggle was his life (Mandela 1994). He was not about to give up but had to change his approach (tactics) to achieve his goal. In prison it was never easy but his o ptimism kept him going (Henderson 1996). From his seven by seven foot prison cell he communicated with and influenced his fellow prisoners. His skills at negotiating were obvious. In fact, in an article published in The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education in the summer of 1999, Mandela was described as very charismatic with great negotiation skills. His dream started to show signs of realization when he started to receive offers for release.